First chapter of The Great Gatsby
I don't know if there is a term for these kind of visualizations, but for lack of a better word I think of them as "collapsing time". They take something linear, that happens over time, and compress it into a single image, so you get an entirely different representation of the work.
Another example are these "movie barcodes" from http://moviebarcode.tumblr.com/. There isn't a lot of information about the process, but seems condense each frame of a movie into a single pixel wide, and all the frames are then combined it into a single image. It gives a really interesting view of the overall tone of the movie, and acts like a finger print.
The Darjeeling Limited movie barcode
Here's another that takes a song, analyzes the audio spectrum, and plots it in a cicular waveform. It actually does it in real-time while the song plays, so you get a single image representation, and see how it evolved.